Chronic pain is a major health problem all over the world, affecting almost 200 million people in Europe and the United States combined.
Chronic pain is affecting more women. The source can be various diseases or health problems such as fibromyalgia, muscle aches, lower back pain, whiplash, osteoarthritis, nerve compression such as disc herniation, nerve pain such as shingles, stroke, multiple sclerosis, and traumatic spine injuries. Common to all different types of chronic pain is that traditional drugs, such as opioids developed to treat acute pain cannot be used to ease this type of pain.
Chronic pain is exceptionally individual, and other life factors such as mental state during an activity will affect the overall experience. When performing activites with high value the experience of pain is lower. The patient’s pain threshold will therefore vary during a day and over time. This makes chronic pain very difficult to treat and the knowledge about the condition and how to affect it needs to be much more researched. Due to the difficulties in diagnosing pain triggers, the lack of specialists in the field and finding a suitable treatment, many patients are left untreated.